Any party wanting to pursue the business of a bank in the Netherlands must hold the appropriate licence from the European Central Bank (ECB). If your bank has its registered office in the Netherlands, you must apply to DNB for a licence. A bank may not start operations until it has been issued a licence, unless it is exempted and does not need a licence by law.
This section of Open Book on Supervision provides with information about market access for aspiring banks. You will also find explanatory notes to the concepts and statutory provisions that are relevant to market access and a licence for parties engaging in bank activities.